Beauty and face go hand in hand. Proper grooming is the only key to maintain a youthful glow on your face. But, at times, the face starts showing signs of premature aging. This is one major beauty concern for women hitting thirties or are in their early thirties. The skin is still too young in thirties to develop fine lines, wrinkles, age spots, cracks and loosening. While most of us are aware of the solutions to deal with premature face aging, we aren’t really well versed with the causes that lead to premature face aging. So, we bring forth our list of 13 major causes responsible for premature face aging.
1. Sun Damage:
Face is badly damaged when exposed to sun rays. The UVA and UVB sun rays not just tan our skin, they also trigger the formation of free radicals. Free radicals on the face start loosening the skin cells. Loose skin cells reduce the potential of collagen. Collagen is a natural protein in the body that holds cells together to keep the skin tighter and young. Its decreased potential results in skin loosening. Loose skin immediately wrinkles and develops fine lines. Free radicals also disturb the skin’s pH level and makes it more vulnerable.
Moisturization has always been considered as the first essential step to a radiant skin. In lapse of proper moisturization, the skin starts becoming dry. Dry skin on the face results in stiffening of the epidermal cells. So, whenever you stretch or scratch the itching dry skin, it develops deep lines, cracks and wrinkles that are too difficult to deal with. Thus, lack of daily moisturization is one of the major causes of premature face aging.
Smoking doesn’t just leads to cancer, it also doubles the rate of senescence. Smoking increases the formation of free radicals and reduces the efficiency and formation of antioxidants. While antioxidants trigger the formation of collagen that keeps the skin younger, free radicals increase the toxicity level that reduces the efficiency of collagen and also its formation. This results in skin loosening that causes wrinkles around the face and lips, and fine lines all around the eyes and forehead.
4. Climatic Changes And Pollution:
Whenever the pH level of the skin turns acidic, it affects the health of face cells. Pollution damages the face skin every day by exposing it to smoke and other harmful skin damaging toxins. These toxins result in the formation of free radicals. Similarly, when the face undergoes constant climatic changes, it sometimes become dry, and oily at some other times. Harsh winters make the skin super chapped and harsh summers and monsoon makes the skin sweaty. These changes affect the cell health by disturbing the pH level of the face. The result is wrinkles and fine lines at a very young age.
5. Unhealthy Eating Habit:
A healthy diet is very essential to maintain and trigger the metabolic rate of the body. When the body is just fed with empty calories and plain complex carbohydrates, it affects the metabolism. Body needs vitamins, minerals and proteins to maintain cell health. Reduced metabolism reduces the blood flow that also reduces the oxygen content on the face. This leads to premature face aging.
6. Dehydrated Body:
More than 90 percent of our body weight is due to water. Water is excessively necessary to keep the body cells active and plump. Reduced water level dehydrates the skin cells. As a result, they shrink. It decreases the cell division process. This reduces the skin’s capacity to form new healthy skin cells. Thus, healthy skin cells do not replace the dead unhealthy cells. And the result is dull and dry skin that develops patches, wrinkles and fine lines. It also results in epidermal dryness that causes dark spots and acne.
Anything that dehydrates the body and increases toxicity is a major culprit of premature face aging. Alcohol reduces antioxidants, increases free radicals, shrinks the healthy and hydrated skin cells and disturbs the pH level of the skin, including the face. All these factors result in twice increased senescence. Such a skin leads to the formation of deep cracks. Those deep cracks soon transform to fine lines and wrinkles.
8. Harsh Face Wash:
Face skin is too delicate when compared to the skin on the entire body. Using harsh face washes rich in parabens, alcohol and sulfate result in skin dryness. Such a skin is unhealthy and deeply damaged. This disturbs the pH level of the face. Dryness and toxicity caused due to disturbed pH results in deep cracks, deep fine lines around the forehead and eyes and wrinkles.
9. Over Using Makeup:
First of all, using cheap quality makeup will result in dryness and premature face aging within days of its use. And second of all, over using even the best cosmetic brands too often will affect the skin’s health. Using makeup occasionally causes no harm. But over using it makes the skin dry. Such skin starts peeling that results in the formation of freckles and patches. Dryness and clogged pores result in the formation cracks, fine lines around the lips and forehead and wrinkles. Above all this, if you have a tendency to sleep with your makeup on, your face will age sooner than you even think of hitting thirties.
10. Zero Exercises:
Excess of anything is harmful. And so is the excess of lethargy. Exercises not just keep you slim and fit, they also keep you younger. Exercising increases the heart beat. The heart thus pumps more blood and supply more oxygen to the cells, including the face. On the contrary, when you do not exercise, the metabolism slows down and the effect is opposite. The oxygen level drops and it results in premature face aging.
11. Facial Expressions:
This is a weird cause, but is true. The more expressions the face goes through, the more it contracts and expands. Constant contraction and expansion affects the skin around the lips, eyes and forehead. This leads to the formation of fine lines and wrinkles.
12. Improper Night Face Care:
Just like it is essential to brush your teeth before going to bed to maintain oral health, similarly it is essential to pamper your skin before you go to bed to prolong youth and defy premature face aging. If you do not cleanse your face before sleeping, you are sleeping with all the dirt and dust you accumulated throughout the day. Moreover, if you do not use night creams and repair serums, your skin becomes vulnerable to dryness. Night is the best time when the skin repairs, rejuvenates and revitalizes. Improper night skin care results in premature face aging.
There is nothing more that you need to add to stress. It is an all-in-one reason for all the bad effects that most other reasons cause individually. Stress results in disturbed sleep. Disturbed sleep leads to irritation that makes your face go through unnecessary facial expressions. It also results in hormonal imbalance that further affects metabolism and results in premature face aging.