Headaches can be different to every individual, ranging from mild to severe. There are more than 150 types of headaches with their own causes and symptoms. In order to go for the correct treatment for pain relief or understanding how to avoid from getting it in future, it is important to diagnose the underlying reason for the headache and then co-relate it with the type of headache. Although most of the causes of a headache are very common, there are some causes which are rare or life-endangering.
There are basically two types of headaches, primary headaches and secondary headaches. Primary headache is the most common type of headache. They are not associated with any serious medical condition and are benign in nature. However, they are more recurrent due to over activity of the body and brain. They are mostly related to various lifestyle factors which trigger headache in the first place. Secondary headache is more serious in nature and can be the warning sign of an underlying medical
condition or disease.
We Have Discussed In Detail, Some Of The Causes Of Primary As Well As Secondary Headaches:
Causes Of Primary Headaches:
Stress can cause headache and similarly, headache can also cause stress. Stress is often caused by everyday snarls and irritation and is often petty in nature like being in a crowded place, tantrums thrown by kids, behavior of a co-worker or an annoying boss or not finding things in order. These things are mostly recurrent in nature and may trigger a headache if you keep responding to them. It is important to ignore these triggers or manage them through various ways like mediation.
2. Insufficient Sleep:
Lack of sufficient sleep may trigger migraines. Sleep can direct the expression of some proteins that can suppress or activate a pain or headache. Therefore, it is important to get sufficient sleep. However, too much sleep can backfire as it interferes with the normal sleeping habits. A nap during the afternoon may disrupt sound sleep at night.
3. Alcohol Consumption:
Alcohol can trigger headache, especially red wine. It contains a chemical known an ethanol which has diuretic properties. Therefore, higher consumption of alcohol may lead to dehydration and result in loss of salts, minerals and essential vitamins from the body. People who have migraine are more vulnerable to headache after alcohol consumption.
4. Eating Processed Meats:
The nitrate content in processed meat like sausages and bacon may cause migraine. Consumption of these food leads to higher bacterial formation in the mouth as well as in the gut which result in the production of nitrate. When nitrate converts to nitric oxide, it may cause migraine.
5. Poor Posture:
We sometimes embrace a poor posture even without knowing. This may be the sitting position in office, or while relaxing on the lounger or even while sleeping. A poor posture causes tightness and tension in the muscles. This is because our body tries to adjust itself to the constraint caused by a poor posture. This often results in tension headache.
Skipping meals may result in a fall in the glucose level in the blood. This condition is called hypoglycemia. This cuts down the supply of energy to the different organs of the body, including the brain. It result in health conditions like migraine, headache, nausea, faintness and some more symptoms.
Causes Of Secondary Headaches:
7. Acute Sinusitis:
When there is an inflammation in sinuses or the nasal passages and they become swollen, it causes a condition called acute sinusitis. It blocks the drainage through mucus formation. It is usually caused due to a bacterial infection or cold. Sinusitis may cause a number of discomforts and pain like swollen face, headache and pain.
8. Arterial Tears:
Arterial tear or vertebral dissections is a rare but frequent cause of secondary headache which is related to a minor or a major physical trauma. This may cause a condition of cerebral ischemic event. The headache is rampant along with facial and neck pain. when the dissection or tear occur in the vertebral artery in the neck (responsible for supplying blood to the brain). The tear makes the blood spill into the arterial wall and result in the formation of clots. This clogs the arteries and interferes with the normal flow of blood.
When there is a stroke, the supply of blood to the brain is cut off, either fully or partially, which results in non-supply of oxygen and other essential nutrients to the brain and the brain cells start dying in few minutes. Stroke is a critical medical condition and calls for medical emergency. However, immediate medical intervention can help in avoiding it as well as recover from a stroke.
10. Brain Tumor:
A brain tumor relates to the formation or growth of a mass of cancerous or noncancerous abnormal cells in the brain or in areas adjacent to it. A frequent and severe headache is one of the earliest sign of brain tumor. However, brain tumors are rare and a mere headache is least likely to be caused due to brain tumor.
Insufficient fluids in the body or the loss of fluids more than its intake may trigger a headache. The headache may be mild as well as severe. Insufficient fluids result in shrinkage or contraction of the brain muscles temporarily. When the brain is rehydrated, it slowly returns to its normal size.
12. Ear Infection:
Infection in the ear is caused mainly due to bacteria or virus which infects the middle ear and causes fluid retention and plague build-up. This results in inflammation and pain in the ear and its adjacent areas like pain in the mouth, swelling in the throat and headache.
13. High Blood Pressure:
The symptoms of a high blood pressure are not always apparent. However, severe headache and blurry vision are most likely to occur when anyone has very high blood pressure which is referred to as malignant high blood pressure. This is an extreme condition of medical emergency followed by unbearable headache.
14. Dental Problems:
A headache often involves either or both the temples. A dental condition known as TMJdisorder can cause headache. TMJ refers to temporomandibular joint which lies between the skull bone and the bone in the lower jaw. Grinding or clenching of a torn cartilage can cause mild to severe headache. Headache is also caused due to infection in a tooth, in which case the pain occurs only on the infected side of the mouth.